Heart Valve Disease

Your heart has four valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction. In some cases, one or more of the valves don’t open or close properly.
Four valves in the heart keep blood moving in the right way. A valve or valves may occasionally open or close improperly. This may interrupt the blood flow from your heart to the rest of your body.
Your heart valve disease’s kind, severity, and impacted heart valve will all affect how it is treated. Surgery to replace or repair a heart valve may be necessary in some cases of heart valve disease.


Heart valve disease may go undiagnosed in some people for many years. When they do, signs and symptoms may include.

  • When a doctor uses a stethoscope to listen to the heart, there is a whooshing sound (heart murmur).
  • Chest pain
  • Abdominal swelling (more common with advanced tricuspid regurgitation)
  • Fatigue
  • breathlessness, especially when sleeping or moving around
  • Your ankles and feet swelling
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Abnormal heartbeat

When to see a doctor

Consult your doctor if you experience any symptoms that could indicate heart valve problems. Your doctor might advise that you visit a cardiologist in Indore if you have a heart murmur.


Heart’s chambers and valves

The mitral, tricuspid, pulmonary, and aortic valves are the four heart valves that maintain proper blood flow. Leaflets (flaps) on each valve alternately open and close once each heartbeat. Blood flow from your heart to your body is hampered if one or more of the valves don’t open or seal correctly.

Heart valve problems may already exist before birth (congenital). Adults may also experience it for a variety of reasons, including infections and other heart issues.

Risk factors

  • Your risk of heart valve disease may be impacted by a number of factors, including:
  • Older age
  • existing heart-harming infections in your past
  • existing heart disease or heart attack in the past
  • Diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and other risk factors for heart disease
  • problems of the heart during birth (congenital heart disease)