Coronary Disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is sometimes called coronary heart disease or ischemic heart disease.A prevalent heart issue is coronary artery disease. The coronary arteries, the main blood channels feeding the heart, have difficulty supplying the heart muscle with enough blood, oxygen, and nutrients. Coronary artery disease is typically brought on by inflammation and cholesterol deposits (plaques) in the heart arteries.

When the heart doesn’t receive enough oxygen-rich blood, coronary artery disease symptoms and signs develop. Reduced blood flow to the heart from coronary artery disease can result in angina (chest pain) and shortness of breath. A heart attack can be brought on by an absolute obstruction of blood flow.

Coronary artery disease frequently takes years to develop. Before a substantial blockage causes issues or a heart attack happens, symptoms could go unrecognized. Coronary artery disease can be avoided by living a heart-healthy lifestyle.


Initial symptoms could not be seen, or they might only show up when the heart is pumping rapidly, such as during exercise. Less and less blood reaches the heart as the coronary arteries constrict and symptoms may worsen or occur more frequently.

Signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease can include:

  • Chest pain (angina). Your chest may feel tight or under strain. Some claim that the sensation is similar to having someone stand on their chest. The middle or left side of the chest are the main locations for the chest pain. Angina can be brought on by exertion or intense feelings. The pain typically disappears minutes after the triggering event is over. Some people, particularly women, may have brief or sharp neck, arm, or back pain.
  • You can experience difficulty breathing.
  • You may experience unusual fatigue if the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet your body’s requirements.
  • Chest pains. A heart attack is brought on by a totally clogged coronary artery. Chest discomfort or pressure, shoulder or arm pain, breathlessness, and perspiration are the typical indications and symptoms of a heart attack. Women may experience less common symptoms include neck or jaw pain, tiredness, and nausea. Some heart attacks don’t result in any observable symptoms or indicators.